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Several way to find element HTML using jquery

There are several way to find the HTML element using jquery. Below is example that most used for me.

1) Find Parent Element

Question : How to find parent element where have ‘sub’ classname?

find parent element using jqueryExample, i have html like this :

	<ul class='top'>
		<li>one</li>
		<li>two</li>
		<li>three</li>
		<li>four
			<ul class='sub'>
				<li>four.one</li>
				<li>four.two</li>
				<li>
					<a href='#' class='sclick'>four.three</a>
				</li>
			</ul>
		</li>
	</ul>

Answer :
So, in jquery we must add the following script :

$(function() {
	$('.sclick').click(function(){
		console.log($(this).parent().parent('ul.sub').length); // Result is 1
	});
});

2) Find Previous and Next Element

Question : How to find previous and next element of li, How?

find previous and next element li using jquery
I have HTML like this :

	<ul class='top'>
		<li>one</li>
		<li>two</li>
		<li>three</li>
		<li>four
			<ul class='sub'>
				<li>four.one</li>
				<li>four.two</li>
				<li>
					<a href='#' class='sclick'>four.three</a>
				</li>
				<li>four.four</li>
			</ul>
		</li>
	</ul>

Answer :
To find prev and next element, you must add the following script :

$(function() {
	$('.sclick').click(function(){
		console.log($(this).parent().next().html()); // Result is four.four
		console.log($(this).parent().next().length); // Result is 1
		console.log($(this).parent().prev().html()); // Result is four.two
		console.log($(this).parent().prev().length); // Result is 1
	});
});

3) Find All Element of Li (Include Children too)

Example, i have HTML structure of <li> like this :
get all li with children with javascript jquery

Script in HTML :

	<ul class='top'>
		<li>one</li>
		<li>two</li>
		<li>three</li>
		<li>four
			<ul class='sub'>
				<li>four.one</li>
				<li>four.two</li>
				<li>four.three
					<ul>
						<li>four.1</li>
						<li>four.2</li>
						<li>four.3</li>
					</ul>
				</li>
			</ul>
		</li>
	</ul>

 
To find all element of li (include the parent and children), we can use the each() function, like this :

$(function() {
	$('ul li').each(function(i,v){
		
		// li have children <ul>
		if($(this).find('ul').length > 0){
			
			// get last li that have children
			liText = $(v).contents().first(); 
			
			console.log(liText.text().trim());
		}
		// li not have children
		else{
			console.log($(v).text());
		}
	});
});

Result in console :
console log

4) Find First level of Li without children

get first level of li without children

Script in HTML like this :

	<ul id="nav">
		<li>menu 1</li>
		<li>menu 2
			<ul id="subnav">
				<li>sub 1</li>
				<li>sub 2</li>
				<li>sub 3</li>
			</ul>
		</li>
		<li>menu 3</li>
		<li>menu 4</li>
		<li>menu 5</li>
		<li>menu 6</li>
    </ul>

To get the first element li without the children, use this script :

$(function() {		
	$("ul:eq(0) > li").each(function(i, n){
			firstLi = $(n).contents().first();
			console.log(firstLi.text().trim());
	});
});

Or :

$(function() {		
	$("#nav > li").each(function(i, n){
			firstLi = $(n).contents().first();
			console.log(firstLi.text().trim());
	});
});

Result in console :
get first level menu of li

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Ambar Hasbiyatmoko

Hello, I’m web developer. Passionate about programming, networking and web server. @kaskus  @facebook

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